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Newcomers' Guide
#1
Welcome to the SGTrains Forums!
This is a platform for community members to participate in discussions related to transport. You may also learn a thing or two from the forums, from current advertisements at stations to mid-life refurbishment of trains, catch the latest information here!

If you are looking for general information regarding the rolling stock and stations of the Singapore train network, you may proceed to the main website: http://www.sgtrains.com/

Tell us more about yourself in the introduction thread here!

Before moving on, read about the forum rules here! Don't worry, we won't bite!

Are you ready to learn more in-depth of the Singapore train network? Proceed to the Forum index and start clicking on threads!

Here's a head start if you are not sure where to look:

Trains Discussion Discuss general things about trains here.
Trains Press Releases Discussion Official Press Releases from SMRT, SBS Transit or LTA, news articles or Stomp articles about trains and discuss them here.
Trains Happenings A comprehensive lists of advertisement, train spotting and fault reporting all under one forum!
Trains Media Share with everyone all your photos/videos here!



If you have been using the Newcomers' Guide before 2016, here are a few links on what was originally here:
[Guide] The Singapore Train Network Find out about the different services that run on the Singapore Train Network.
[Guide] Announcements Mega-thread *ding dong* Wondered what pre-recorded in-train announcements are phrased like?



Terminologies
Train Lines
Mass Rapid Transit Lines (MRT)
NSEWL: North-South East-West Line
NSL: North South Line
 NSLe: North South Line Extension (Marina South Pier)
EWL: East West Line
 CAE: Changi Airport Extension (also known as CGL)
 BLE: Boon Lay Extension (Pioneer, Joo Koon)
 TWE: Tuas West Extension (Gul Circle-Tuas Link)
NEL: North East Line
CCL: Circle Line
  CCLe: Circle Line Extension
DTL: Downtown Line
TEL: Thomson-East Coast Line
JRL: Jurong Region Line
  WCE: West Coast Extension
CRL: Cross Island Line

Light Rail Transit Lines (LRT)
BPLRT: Bukit Panjang LRT
SPLRT: Sengkang-Punggol LRT
SKLRT: Sengkang LRT
PGLRT: Punggol LRT

Other Lines
KTM: Keretapi Tanah Melayu
HSR: High Speed Rail

Station Abbreviations
Refer to this thread.

Directions
NB: Northbound
SB: Southbound
EB: Eastbound
WB: Westbound
IT: Inner Track (Circle Line - HarbourFront bound)
OT: Outer Track (Circle Line - Dhoby Ghaut/Marina Bay bound)
BB: Bukit Panjang Bound (Downtown Line)
XB: Expo Bound (Downtown Line)


Depots
BSD: Bishan Depot
CHD: Changi Depot
UPD: Ulu Pandan Depot
TWD: Tuas Depot
SKD: Sengkang Depot
KCD: Kim Chuan Depot
GBD: Gali Batu Depot
MBTMF: Marina Bay Temporary Maintenance Facility
TSFB: Tai Seng Facility Building


Rolling Stock
KHI: Kawasaki Heavy Industries C151
SIE: Siemens C651
KNS: Kawasaki Nippon-Sharyo C751B
KSF: Kawasaki Sifang C151A
See more


Trains
EMU: Electric Multiple Unit
PV: Passenger Vehicle

Ebrake or EMG: Emergency Brake 
MSS/TS: Maximum Safe Speed/Target Speed
Eg: 40/39 would mean 40km/h is the maximum speed and the train target speed will be 39km/h.

Safety systems
ATC: Automatic Train Control
ATO: Automatic Train Operation
ATP: Automatic Train Protection
ATS: Automatic Train Supervision
ORP: Overrun Protection System

Train Modes
AM: Automatic Mode
Trains drive automatically
CM: Coded Manual Mode
Train captain drives train manually
ATPM: Automatic Train Protection Manual Mode
Train captain drives train manually (Thales CBTC Signalling)
RM: Restricted Manual
Train captain drives trains manually, but under 18km/h

Signalling
CBI: Computer Based Interlocking
CBTC: Communication Based Train Control (also known as Moving Block System)
DTG: Distance To Go
VOBC: Vehicle On Board Controller
WRU: Wayside Radio Unit

Types of Automation
STO: Semi-Automatic Train Operation
Manual operation for doors, handling of emergencies or sudden diversions. Train captain sets motion of train but do not control speed.
DTO: Driverless Train Operation
Starting and stopping is automated. Train captain operates the doors and drives the train in case of emergencies.
UTO - Unattended Train Operation
Starting and stopping, doors operation and handling of emergencies fully automated.

Traction controls
GTO: Gate Turn-Off Thyristor 
IGBT: Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor 
PMSM: Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor 
VVVF: Variable Voltage Variable Frequency

Other systems
ATAS: Automatic Train-bourne Announcement System
ATiS: Automatic Train Information System ("Brain" for STARiS)
DRMD: Dynamic Route Map Display 
ECB: Emergency Communication Button/Emergency Call Button
STARiS: SMRT Active Route Map Information System (Includes ATiS, VFD & Route Map)
VFD: Vacuum Fluorescent Display (Part of STARiS)
TTiS: Train Travel Information System
TOD: Train Operator Display
VPIS: Visual Passenger Information System


Platform/Station Facilities & Systems
AVM: Add Value Machine
AFC Gates: Automatic Fare Collection Gates (also known as fare gates)
EPAX: Electronic Private Automatic eXchange
ESP: Emergency Stop Plunger 
GTM: General Ticketing Machine
HWU: HeadWall Unit
PCB: Platform Communication Booth
PSC: Passenger Service Center
PSD: Platform Screen Doors
HHPSD: Half-Height Platform Screen Doors (At 1.5m for elevated stations)
RATiS: Rail Travel Information System
STIS: Station Travel information System
TUM: Top-up Machine
TWU: TailWall Unit

TW: Tailwall
HW: Headwall
WD: Wrong Direction


Staff
CSA: Customer Service Ambassadors
CSO: Customer Service Officer
SM: Station Master
TC: Train Captain (Formerly TO, Train Officer)


Technologies used by operators to improve train service reliabilities
CCD: Current Collector Device
Used by SMRT, an artificial intelligence system with a high sensitivity imaging system and a laser-scanner profiles the CCDs of passing trains.
LVDT: Linear Variable Differential Transformer
The LVDT is a surveillance instrument depot used by SMRT that monitors track conditions and any anomalies on the third rail.
RRV: Road-Rail Vehicle
Specialised engineering vehicles that can be driven on the road or on rail tracks. Used by SMRT to transport material and replace timber sleepers with concrete sleepers.
WILD: Wheel Impact Load Detection
The WILD system used by SMRT relies on fibre optics sensors installed on the rail tracks to automatically detect and identify the locations of wheel defect during train service.


Others
OCC: Operation Control Centre
DCC: Depot Control Centre
MOC: Maintenance Operations Centre

CST: Concrete Slab Tracks
FST: Floating Slab Tracks
OCS: Overhead Catenary System
X-Over: Crossover

SCD: Short Circuit Device


Terms used in the forums
AST: Another STARiS Train
ART: Another Refurbished Train
Bar Train: Trains with 84 seats removed and replaced with bars
Camp: Stay in a particular few station to spot trains
DNB: Do Not Board
MIA: Missing in Action
MLU: Mid-Life Upgrade
MLR: Mid-Life Refurbishment
EOLU: End-of-Life Upgrade
Refurb: Refurbished (Trains that have undergone refurbishment)
UnRefurb: Un-Refurbished (Trains that have yet to undergo refurbishment)
TRN: Train Run Number
X-Coupled: Cross-Coupled (Trains coupled wrongly)
Mis-Couple: See X-Coupled

BVE: Most popular train simulator amongst SGTrains Forums
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#2
I've got some attached files here too to supplement willis's MRT guide(updated as of 22 June 2011):


.doc   Singapore MRT Train Running Numbers.doc (Size: 83 KB / Downloads: 99)

.doc   SMRT Train Serial Numbers.doc (Size: 215 KB / Downloads: 57)

.pdf   Singapore MRT Train Timings.pdf (Size: 388.37 KB / Downloads: 50)

.doc   STARIS Inputs(When off service).doc (Size: 34.5 KB / Downloads: 61)

[-] The following 1 user Likes Ethan777's post:
  • RiceyRice
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#3
This needs updating. CCL now terminates at HBF.
This account is no longer in use - I'd like to be known by another name, but.. I don't have the 10k points to pay for username change Tongue
Reply
#4
(14 October 2011, 07:31 PM)luacs1998 Wrote:   Show/Hide

Updated, thanks for the reminder! (:
Add-on: Someone should check on the status of the Paya Lebar - one-north Short Working Trip, and also add in TTIS ^_^

Well... I've made a Chinese version of the MRT & LRT System map just now, so decided to post it here to help those who're interested in the Chinese station names, without checking via Wiki...

I've decided to change it into a link instead of embedding as it stretches the whole page.
http://i102.photobucket.com/albums/m92/y...eprint.jpg
- Flip
/人◕ ‿‿ ◕人\
[-] The following 5 users Like Flip's post:
  • AsHalt, C651 Lover, Ethan777, SgTrainLovur, SMB145B
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#5
(14 October 2011, 10:37 PM)Flip Wrote:   Show/Hide

PYL-ONH SWT is gone with the wind.....
This account is no longer in use - I'd like to be known by another name, but.. I don't have the 10k points to pay for username change Tongue
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#6
(14 October 2011, 10:47 PM)luacs1998 Wrote:   Show/Hide

not quite, the media has yet to announce whether the frequency of trains will be shortened, they probably just removed it for the time being to confirm the results.
Current Reps
Train: 209/210, C830 15 and 22
Bus: SMB3C, SBS996C, SBS6007T,SBS7561C,SBS7573T,SBS7617B,SBS8330X,SBS8667A, SBS8670P and SBS8709M
Service: 17,292,358 AND 359.
Signed by kttandon - the obvious guy (22/1/12) (mods, could you check if this siggy is oversized? thanks...)



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#7
Next Station Tanah Merah (Main EWL)
Next station, Tanah Merah Interchange. Passengers who are heading towards Expo or Changi Airport, please alight at the next station.


Approaching Tanah Merah (Main EWL)
Tanah Merah Interchange. Passengers who are heading towards Expo or Changi Airport, please cross over to the middle platform. Tanah Merah Interchange.

some amendments ...

or did they revert back?
SMB145B

train reps: C651 - 233/234, C830 - 34, C751A - 047/048

Bus reps: SMB145B, SMB1406S, SMB3536L

Vee-Power on 145

[-] The following 1 user Likes SMB145B's post:
  • SgTrainLovur
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#8
It should be:

[NEXT] Next station, Tanah Merah Interchange.
Passengers who are heading to Expo or Changi Airport, please alight at the next station.

[ARRIVE] Tanah Merah Interchange.
Passengers who are heading to Expo or Changi Airport, please alight and crossover to the middle platform.


"Next stop, Dhoby Ghaut Interchange." - Mrs Melson
[-] The following 1 user Likes SgTrainLovur's post:
  • TIB437G
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#9
in 14 January 2012 the list needs to be updated again... CCLe open...
Current Reps
Train: 209/210, C830 15 and 22
Bus: SMB3C, SBS996C, SBS6007T,SBS7561C,SBS7573T,SBS7617B,SBS8330X,SBS8667A, SBS8670P and SBS8709M
Service: 17,292,358 AND 359.
Signed by kttandon - the obvious guy (22/1/12) (mods, could you check if this siggy is oversized? thanks...)



Reply
#10
(21 December 2011, 03:10 PM)kttandon Wrote:   Show/Hide

um, it will =.="
-SMB157S

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